Species Loss and Biodiversity

World's giant trees are dying off rapidly, studies show

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John Vidal
World's giant trees are dying off rapidly, studies show
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Ecological 'kings of the jungle' being toppled by forest fragmentation, severe drought and new pests and diseases

The biggest trees in the world, known as the true ecological kings of the jungle, are dying off rapidly as roads, farms and settlements fragment forests and they come under prolonged attack from severe droughts and new pests and diseases. ... Read more about World's giant trees are dying off rapidly, studies show

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In Mackerel's Plunder, Hints of Epic Fish Collapse

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MORT ROSENBLUM and MAR CABRA
In Mackerel's Plunder, Hints of Epic Fish Collapse
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TALCAHUANO, Chile — Eric Pineda, a dock agent in this old port south of Santiago, peered deep into the Achernar’s hold at a measly 10 tons of jack mackerel — the catch after four days in waters once so rich they filled the 17-meter fishing boat in a few hours.

Mr. Pineda, like everyone here, grew up with the bony, bronze-hued fish they call jurel, which roams in schools in the southern Pacific. ... Read more about In Mackerel's Plunder, Hints of Epic Fish Collapse

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Climate change may cut profits from oceans by trillions

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Luisa Massarani
Climate change may cut profits from oceans by trillions
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[LONDON] Climate change could reduce the economic value of the services the oceans provide to mankind by almost US$2 trillion a year by 2100, according to a study presented at the Planet Under Pressure conference this week (26–29 March). ... Read more about Climate change may cut profits from oceans by trillions

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Corals 'Could Survive a More Acidic Ocean'

Corals 'Could Survive a More Acidic Ocean'
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Corals may be better placed to cope with the gradual acidification of the world's oceans than previously thought -- giving rise to hopes that coral reefs might escape climatic devastation.

In new research published in the journal Nature Climate Change, an international scientific team has identified a powerful internal mechanism that could enable some corals and their symbiotic algae to counter the adverse impact of a more acidic ocean. ... Read more about Corals 'Could Survive a More Acidic Ocean'

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Banking against Doomsday

Banking against Doomsday
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Gene banks represent an overdue push to preserve crop biodiversity. It also needs conserving on farms

WITH a heavy clunk, the steel outer doors of the Svalbard Global Seed Vault closed on February 28th, shutting out a howling Arctic gale and entombing a tonne of new arrivals: 25,000 seed samples from America, Colombia, Costa Rica, Tajikistan, Armenia and Syria. For Cary Fowler, the vault’s American architect, the Syrian chickpeas and fava beans were especially welcome. ... Read more about Banking against Doomsday

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Scarce resources, climate biggest threats to world health

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reuters // Reuters
Zahida, a nine-year-old girl displaced by floods stands amidst a wall with rainw
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LONDON, Oct 17 (Reuters) - The Earth's natural resources like food, water and forests are being depleted at an alarming speed, causing hunger, conflict, social unrest and species extinction, experts at a climate and health conference in London warned on Monday.

Increased hunger due to food yield changes will lead to malnutrition; water scarcity will deteriorate hygiene; pollution will weaken immune systems; and displacement and social disorder due to conflicts over water and land will increase the spread of infectious diseases, they said. ... Read more about Scarce resources, climate biggest threats to world health

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Counting the Earth's living riches is a landmark moment

Author: 

Damian Carrington
Counting the Earth's living riches is a landmark moment
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Moths, cicadas, and other insects attracted to a backlit sheet in the rainforest of Peru in 2008. Most of the 75% of all species that live in land are insects. Photograph: Gerry Bishop/Corbis

Some numbers are fundamental and iconic: think pi in mathematics and the speed of light in physics. They provide a cornerstone upon which a vast edifice of science can be built, leading ultimately to much of our prosperity and wellbeing. ... Read more about Counting the Earth's living riches is a landmark moment

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Maria Damanaki unveils EU fishing reforms

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Fiona Harvey
Maria Damanaki unveils EU fishing reforms
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European fisheries chief hopes phasing out 'discarding' and agreeing plans with member states will preserve Europe's fish stocks

The biggest shake-up of European fisheries regulation in four decades was unveiled on Wednesday in Brussels, intended to preserve dwindling fish stocks.

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